Depression is a Mental state or mood disorder that leads to a persistent feeling of loss of interest or sadness.
The state of depression may also be called a major depressive order or clinical depression when it affects your feelings, thinking, and behavior, which might lead to a state of emotional and physical problems.
In this state, you may feel trouble performing your everyday activities while some may also feel as if life is not worth living anymore.
- Depression is more common among women than men around the globe
- General symptoms include lack of interest, joy or anything that used to bring happiness to the person
- Certain events like bereavement cause mood swings that can usually be different from features and symptoms of depression
- The causes of depreciation are not fully understood, but they are more likely to be a complex combination of biological, genetic, environmental, and psychosocial factors.
Although depression may occur only once in life, people sometimes have multiple episodes. During these episodes, the following are the symptoms that may occur throughout the day:
- Loss of interest in almost all of the daily activities, including sex and others hobbies for sports.
- The feeling of tearfulness, hopelessness, sadness, or emptiness
- Sleep disturbance leading to insomnia or sleeping too much
- Weight loss or reduced appetite for elevated craving for foods causing weight gain
- Restlessness, anxiety, or agitation
- Trouble concentrating, remembering things, thinking, and decision making
- Back pain, headache, or some other unexplained physical issues
- Lack of energy for tiredness causing small tasks take extra efforts
- Frustration or irritability, angry outbursts
- Reduced body movements and slowed thinking or speaking
For some people with depression, general symptoms are easily noticeable during their day-to-day activities, such as going to school, working, relationships, and other social activities.
There are people who start feeling miserable for really unhappy with their own life.
Symptoms of Depression
- In children
Although the symptoms of depression in children and teenagers are similar to those in adults, there can be some differences as well, such as
- Younger children may feel sad irritated worried, in pain, and they often refuse to go to school. They might also be underweight.
- Symptoms in teenagers include irritability, negativity, worthlessness, sadness, poor performance at school or in sports. They also feel misunderstood, extremely sensitive, or speechless. Other symptoms include loss of interest, avoidance, and loss of appetite
- In adults
Depression shouldn’t be taken lightly, as it is not a part of growing older. Depression often goes undiagnosed and untreated in adults and they may feel reluctant to ask for help when needed. Symptoms of depression may not be clearly visible or be less obvious in adults, such as
- Personality changes for memory issues
- Body aches or pain
- Loss of appetite, fatigue, sleeping issues, loss of interest in activities like sex, not caused by medication for a medical condition.
- Suicidal thinking, especially in older adults
- A feeling of staying at home and not going out to socialize or participate in new things
Causes of Depressions
Although the exact causes of depression are unknown, symptoms may vary with a variety of factors, such as
- Hormones: Any changes in the body’s balance of hormones may cause or trigger depression. Thes hormones changes could be due to pregnancy or a few weeks or months after delivery, menopause or thyroid problems etc.
- Biological Differences: Pith depression generally seem to have physical changes in their brains. Although the significance of the biological changes is uncertain, they may eventually help find exact causes.
- Inherited Traits: Depression is sometimes inherited from blood relatives who have also had this condition. Researchers are working on to finding the genes that are responsible for causing depression.
- Brain Chemistry: Our dreams have naturally existing chemicals called neurotransmitters. Any changes in the functioning of these neurotransmitters and how they interact with other neurocircuits that are involved in maintaining blood stability may have a significant role to play in depression and its treatment.
Complications of Depression
Depression is a serious mental disorder that can take a huge toll on the health of your family and you. It often gets worse if not treated, leading to behavioral, emotional, and health problems.
The following are the complications associated with depression:
- Excessive weight gain or obesity, which can cause heart problems and diabetes
- Medical conditions leading to premature death
- Social phobia of panic disorder, anxiety
- Drug use of alcohol consumption
- Physical illnesses for body aches
- Social isolation
- Attempt to suicide or suicidal feelings
- Relationship difficulties family conflicts, or work-related problems
How to Prevent Depression?
While there are no sure ways to prevent depression, the following strategies me help:
- Try to stay with friends and family, especially when you need them the most or in times of crisis
- Take adequate steps to control stress, aiming at increasing your resilience and boosting your self-confidence
- Try to take the treatment at the earliest to help prevent depression from worsening over time
- Get a long-term maintenance treatment of depression to help prevent relapse of symptoms
When to See a Doctor?
As soon as you experience the symptoms of depression, try and make an appointment with your doctor or a mental health specialist at the earliest. If you are reluctant to seek mental treatment, you should talk to your friend or any of your family members, or someone else who you trust the most.
Other Options You May have
- Always keep your phone handy so that you can call for help up whenever you feel like hurting yourself for attempting suicide.
- You may directly call the doctor or a mental health specialist.
- Reach out to a close friend or any of your loved ones who may be immediately available for help.
The Bottom Line
Life can be very uncertain at times and cause depression due to some unforeseen real-time situations. When it comes to dealing with depression, it is hard to say what could be helpful and what not. One thing that can certainly help to a certain extent is staying with your dear ones in your hard times.